Things to Know Before Visiting Sundarban National Park

Things to Know Before Visiting Sundarban National Park

The world’s largest mangrove forest, on a sunny day in Sundarban

India boasts numerous captivating wildlife destinations across its vast expanse, but there’s one place that stands out as a pristine haven for both animals and visitors – the exquisite Sundarban National Park.

Named after the abundant Mangrove plant called Sundari, this park is a treasure trove of nature’s wonders.

With its network of creeks, tributaries, waterways, and islands, the Sundarbans is a mesmerizing gem among India’s national parks.

It’s an unparalleled marvel, boasting one of the world’s largest and most unique mangrove ecosystems.

Essential Things to Know Before Your Sundarban National Park Adventure!

Things to Know Before Visiting Sundarban National Park
Bengal Tigress, Panthera tigris, Sundarbans NP, India

The Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the ultimate destination for experiencing wildlife at its finest.

The park’s crowning glory is the majestic Royal Bengal Tigers, known for their striking orange-black stripes.

Spanning across 102 islands on the Indian side, the park isn’t just about tigers. It also houses captivating enclosures like crocodile and turtle farms, wildlife museums, and watchtowers.

Additionally, the Sundarban Islands of Lothian and Halliday feature wildlife sanctuaries that enrich your Sundarban wildlife adventure.

Insightful Details and Quick Facts about Sundarban Tiger Reserve

1. Sundarban Biosphere Reserve Facts:

  • Area: Encompassing 10,000 sq km of Land and Water
  • Distinction: UNESCO World Heritage Site (since 1987)
  • Location: Situated between India and Bangladesh, at the confluence of the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers
  • Unique Feature: Home to the World’s Richest Mangrove Forest, boasting 78 species of Mangroves
  • Popularity: Renowned for exotic wildlife and diverse faunal species

2. Prominent Flora and Fauna of Sundarbans:

Things to Know Before Visiting Sundarban National Park
Spotted deer in Sundarbans National Park

  • Popular Flora: Hargoja, Jat Baine, Son Champa, Kankra, Sundari, Tora, Khalsi, Hoya, Goria, Hental, Genwa, and more.
  • Notable Fauna: Royal Bengal tiger, Fishing Cat, Spotted Deer, Wild Boar, Fiddler Crab, Crocodiles, Reptiles, Marine Turtles, Water Monitor Lizard, and more.
  • Diverse Avifauna: Spot 170 species, including endemic brown-winged kingfishers, marsh harriers, Jungle Crows, Green pigeons, wood Sandpipers, woodpeckers, Little stints, Common Snipes, Golden Plovers, and others.

3. Ideal Time for Exploration:

  • Best Months: November to February

4. Majestic Rivers:

  • Noteworthy Rivers: Ganga, Brahmaputra, Meghna, and Padma

5. Remarkable Achievement:

  • Recognition: Finalist in the New Seven Wonders of Nature

A Comprehensive Travel Guide to Sundarban

  • Sundarban’s Scenic Location: Situated approximately 110 kilometers away from Kolkata, the hub of Durga Puja festivities, Sundarban National Park is a haven of lush mangrove forests. A leisurely three-hour drive will lead you to Godkhali, the gateway to this awe-inspiring destination of natural beauty.
  • Navigating the Path: Accessing the paradise of Sundarbans requires a boat journey to Sajnekhali Island, the park’s entrance. This island serves as the ticketing center, offering entry tickets priced at Rs 60 for Indians and Rs 200 for foreigners.
  • Perfect Time for a Visit: To ensure an unforgettable experience, plan your visit during the dry season, which spans from November to February.

Boat Safari Timings:-

  • Safari Hours: 8:30 am to 4:00 pm
  • Note: Boat entry after 6:30 pm is prohibited in Sundarbans.

Accommodation Choices in Sundarban: Embracing eco-friendliness, accommodations in Sundarban lean towards simplicity and natural ambiance. Gosaba, the largest island, offers standard budget hotels.

Furthermore, numerous jungle camps and tourist lodges within Sundarban National Park provide comfortable stays amidst the wilderness.

Select Accommodation Options:

  • Sundarban Mangrove Retreat: A blend of luxury and comfort
  • Sundarbans Jungle Camp: Immersion in nature’s embrace
  • Sundarban Chital Tourist Lodge: Enchanting wilderness views
  • Sundarban Tiger Camp: Tranquil surroundings
  • Tiger Safari Resort: Affordable with stunning sunrise and sunset views
  • Tiger Roar Resort: Private lake and delightful migratory birds
  • Sundarban Riverside Holiday: Perfect for nature enthusiasts

Things to do in Sundarbans National Park

Things to Know Before Visiting Sundarban National Park
Indian Oriole, Oriolus xanthornus – Sundarbans NP, India

  • Encounters with Exotic Species: Sundarbans’ distinctive landscape, merging land and water across multiple islands, offers an incredible opportunity to explore diverse species. Saltwater crocodiles, hawksbill turtles, river dolphins, and the iconic Bengal tigers call this habitat home.
  • Unveil the Wonders of Kolkata: A visit to the Sundarban region would be incomplete without exploring the vibrant city of Kolkata. Delve into Kolkata’s historic tram rides and iconic attractions like the Howrah Bridge. Discover the city’s treasures, from Park Street’s eateries to the elegant architecture of Victoria Memorial.
  • Spotting Tigers and River Dolphins: While tiger spotting requires luck due to the absence of jeep safaris, a wildlife boat safari offers a thrilling alternative. Marvel at the elusive Royal Bengal Tigers and witness the playful dance of Ganges River Dolphins during a boat cruise.
  • Birdwatching Paradise – Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary: Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary is a haven for bird enthusiasts. Immerse yourself in the lush greenery and witness the confluence of Malta and Gumdi Rivers. Bird species like Caspian Tern, Osprey Herring Gull, and Paradise Flycatcher await your gaze.
  • A Unique Experience at Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project: Explore the Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project, a hatchery for saltwater crocodiles. Nestled amidst littoral mangroves, this serene environment offers insight into these ancient creatures. Accessible via the Sajnekhali jetty, it’s a captivating destination within Sundarbans.
  • Embrace Spirituality at Gangasagar Mela: Attend the Gangasagar Mela, an annual spiritual gathering on Sagar Island. Held in January, this event draws devotees from around the world to cleanse their souls in the holy Ganga. This sacred festival is a rare opportunity to experience a profound cultural and spiritual event.
  • Guardianship of Olive Ridley Turtles in Kanak Island: Visit Kanak Island to witness the heartwarming sight of assisting newly hatched Olive Ridley Turtles into the sea. Marvel at the turtles’ journey, which spans from December to March, as they lay their eggs on the sandy beaches.
  • Observing Flora and Fauna from Watchtowers: Enhance your visit by exploring various watchtowers across the park. While popular towers like Dobanki, Sajnekhali, and Sudhanyakhali offer stunning views, consider exploring less-crowded options like Burir Dabri and Netidhopani for a chance to spot rare species.

An Enthralling Encounter with Sundarbans’ Wilderness

A Journey of Immersion and Exploration: Venturing into Sundarbans promises an unforgettable rendezvous with nature.

Even if you initially plan a short visit, you might find yourself compelled to extend your stay.

This wildlife haven offers a plethora of experiences, making it ideal for a rejuvenating weekend getaway or a memorable family vacation with kids.

In conclusion, Sundarban National Park stands as an epitome of natural splendor, captivating wildlife, and unique experiences.

From its vibrant mangrove forests to the elusive Royal Bengal Tigers, from pristine river cruises to birdwatching paradises, Sundarbans beckons explorers to embrace its diverse beauty.

Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a wildlife lover, or simply seeking a serene escape, Sundarbans has the power to fulfill your wildlife quest and leave an indelible mark on your soul.


Where is Sundarban National Park located?

Sundarban National Park is situated around 110 kilometers from Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, India. It can be accessed through a three-hour drive to Godkhali, the entry point to the park.

How can I reach Sundarbans National Park?

The park can only be reached via boat, with Sajnekhali Island serving as the entrance. Entry tickets can be obtained on this island for Rs 60 for Indians and Rs 200 for foreigners.

What is the best time to visit Sundarbans?

The ideal time to explore Sundarbans National Park is during the dry months from November to February when the weather is pleasant for wildlife activities.

What are the timings for boat safaris in Sundarbans?

Boat safaris operate from 8:30 am to 4:00 pm. It’s important to note that no boats are allowed after 6:30 pm.

What are the accommodation options in Sundarbans?

Accommodations in Sundarbans are known for their simplicity and eco-friendliness. Gosaba offers budget hotels, while the park itself features jungle camps and lodges that offer comfortable stays amidst nature.

What are some must-visit places in Sundarbans?

Some noteworthy places to explore within Sundarbans National Park include Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary, Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project, various watchtowers for wildlife viewing, and Kanak Island for turtle spotting.

Can I spot Royal Bengal Tigers easily in Sundarbans?

Tiger spotting in Sundarbans mainly relies on luck, as the park’s terrain is better suited for boat safaris. While sightings are not guaranteed, a boat safari offers the best chance to catch a glimpse of these majestic creatures

What makes Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary special?

Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary is a haven for birdwatchers, boasting diverse avifauna species. It’s an excellent place to spot rare and exotic birds amidst lush greenery and the confluence of Malta and Gumdi Rivers.

What is the significance of Gangasagar Mela?

Gangasagar Mela is an annual spiritual fair held on Sagar Island in Sundarbans during January. It draws devotees seeking to cleanse their sins in the holy Ganges River, making it a unique cultural and spiritual event.

How can I contribute to turtle conservation in Sundarbans?

Kanak Island provides an opportunity to witness and assist in the release of newly hatched Olive Ridley Turtles into the sea. This conservation effort is a heartwarming experience that helps protect these endangered creatures.

Are there less-crowded alternatives for wildlife viewing?

While popular watchtowers like Dobanki, Sajnekhali, and Sudhanyakhali attract crowds, lesser-known options like Burir Dabri and Netidhopani offer a chance to observe wildlife with fewer disturbances.

What makes Sundarbans National Park a unique destination?

Sundarbans National Park is distinguished by its immense mangrove ecosystem, iconic Royal Bengal Tigers, diverse avifauna, and a blend of land and water-based exploration, making it an unparalleled wildlife destination in India.

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